1. Exposition

Why does 6:14 mention King Artaxerxes when he was in no way responsible for helping to rebuild the temple?

Ezra 6:14 (ESV)

14 And the elders of the Jews built and prospered through the prophesying of Haggai the prophet and Zechariah the son of Iddo. They finished their building by decree of the God of Israel and by decree of Cyrus and Darius and Artaxerxes king of Persia;

Artaxerxes was the king of Persia from 464-424 BC1 while the temple was completed in 515 BC. Artaxerxes’ name is included since the author looks forward to the rebuilding of the walls.2