1. Exposition

How is the focus of this chapter more on Barak than Deborah?

Judges 4:6 (ESV)

6 She sent and summoned Barak the son of Abinoam from Kedesh-naphtali and said to him, “Has not the LORD, the God of Israel, commanded you, ‘Go, gather your men at Mount Tabor, taking 10,000 from the people of Naphtali and the people of Zebulun.

Barak, not Deborah, is the one being portrayed as the judge/deliverer. This is evident from the verbs connected to him and Deborah. Most of Deborah’s actions are concerned with her prophetic office: she summoned and she spoke (Judges 4:4, Judges 4:9 Judges 4:14). She does arise, go, and go up (Judges 4:9–10), but only as she joins Barak. And besides, all her actions are pre-battle; the battle begins in Judges 4:15. Barak, however, is “the military judge-deliverer: he 'calls,' 'goes down,' 'pursues,' and 'enters' (Judges 4:10, Judges 4:14, Judges 4:16, Judges 4:22), all in the context of the battle…. The focus of this pericope then, is rightly on Barak as the judge-deliverer and on his failure of spirit."1