1. Exposition

What is significant about the combined usage of “afflicted” and “oppressed”?

Judges 2:18 (ESV)

18 Whenever the LORD raised up judges for them, the LORD was with the judge, and he saved them from the hand of their enemies all the days of the judge. For the LORD was moved to pity by their groaning because of those who afflicted and oppressed them.

With the use of these words, the author may be suggesting that “each deliverance is a new Exodus (cf. Exodus 2:24; Exodus 3:7, Exodus 3:9; Exodus 6:5). His use of the term 'raise up' (Judges 2:16, Judges 2:8) may indicate that, in his view, the judges were periodic fulfillments of God’s promise to 'raise up for them a prophet' like Moses (Deuteronomy 18:18)."1