Job 38:2 (ESV)

2 “Who is this that darkens counsel by words without knowledge?

Job had questioned God’s governance of human affairs. For example, why does God make innocent people suffer, while allowing wicked people to do as they please (Job 24:1–17)? With questions such as these, Job was making God’s counsel (God’s plans and his execution of these plans) seem dark (unreasonable and unjust).

In the speech that follows, God will show to Job that he had spoken without knowledge. Human knowledge is severely limited. We are unable to understand God’s governance of the world, let alone pass judgment on it.