1. Revelation 21:19 (ESV)
  2. Exposition

What is meant by “the foundations of the wall”?

Revelation 21:19 (ESV)

19 The foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with every kind of jewel. The first was jasper, the second sapphire, the third agate, the fourth emerald,

In Revelation 21:14, John had already mentioned the foundations upon which the city’s wall was built, with each foundation having the name of one of the twelve apostles inscribed on it. Now John mentions the foundations again because the angel drew his attention to a further significant detail concerning those foundations, that is, their adornment with precious jewels.