1. Joshua 3:10 (ESV)
  2. Exposition

Who were the different peoples that were going to be driven out of the land?

Joshua 3:10 (ESV)

10 And Joshua said, “Here is how you shall know that the living God is among you and that he will without fail drive out from before you the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Hivites, the Perizzites, the Girgashites, the Amorites, and the Jebusites.

A list of seven different people groups are mentions by Joshua. Such lists are found five times in Joshua (Joshua 3:10; Joshua 9:1; Joshua 11:3; Joshua 12:8; Joshua 24:11) and on twenty-four occasions in the Old Testament as a whole. The listing of seven nations probably refers to completeness. The fact that these people are commonly listed as separate nations shows a contrast between the diversity among them and the national unity that was so important for Israel.1 Elsewhere in the Bible, these peoples are described as being stronger and more numerous than the Israelites (Deuteronomy 7:1).